HOTTEST – DALLOL, ETHIOPIA
A ghost town today, the erstwhile mining town of Dallol holds the record of highest annual average temperature — 34.6 degrees Celsius (94.3 degrees Fahrenheit) — for an inhabited place on Earth. Due to its proximity to the Equator and its location in a volcanically active region, the place doesn’t get any respite from the heat ever.
RAINIEST – MAWSYNRAM, INDIA
Famously known as the wettest place on Earth, the village of Mawsynram in Meghalaya receives more than 467 inches (1186 centimeters) of rain annually. It is also home to the centuries-old living root bridges that are grown by the locals.